This condition is a distinct type of headache caused by irritation or injury of the occipital nerves. These nerves travel from the base of the skull through the scalp. This condition can result in severe pain and muscle spasms.
Symptoms of occipital neuralgia include piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like pain. This pain begins in the upper neck and then spreads upward to the back of the head and behind the ears. It usually affects only one side of the head, but it can be felt on both sides. In some cases, the scalp becomes hypersensitive. Activities such as brushing or shampooing the hair or lying on a pillow can be painful. The person may experience muscle spasms in the neck and a reduced ability to flex or rotate the neck. The person may also experience extreme sensitivity to light, especially during a headache.
Occipital neuralgia can be caused by direct trauma to the back of the head or neck. Overly tight muscles can cause it in the neck or by compression of the nerve roots. It can develop as a result of osteoarthritis. Localized infection or tissue inflammation, or a tumor or lesion can cause occipital neuralgia. It can be caused by conditions such as gout or diabetes. And finally, it can develop from keeping the head in a downward and forward position for lengthy periods.
The first step in treating Occipital Neuralgia is to make an appointment to see one of our specialists to learn your treatment options.
Call us at 646-419-3105 or request more information. At Advanced Headache Center, our goal is to get you started on a personalized treatment plan to find relief.Dr. Amr Hosny has either authored or reviewed and approved this content. Advanced Headache Center 41 5th Avenue,